Risk factors and risk profiles for neck pain in young adults: Prospective analyses from adolescence to young adulthood – The North Trøndelag Health Study
Authors: Henriette Jahre, Margreth Grotle, Milada Småstuen, Maren Hjelle Guddal, Kaja Smedbråten, Kåre Rønn Richardsen, Synne Stensland, Kjersti Storheim, Britt Elin Øiestad.
Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate risk factors and risk profiles for neck pain in young adulthood.
Prospective data from the North Trøndelag Health Study was used. Risk factors were assessed in adolescents (13-19 years of age) participating in the YoungHUNT3 Study (2006-2008), and neck pain was measured 11 years later in the HUNT4 Study (2017-2019).
Girls had a higher risk of neck pain in young adulthood than boys. Low physical activity level, a previous episode of neck/shoulder pain, back pain, headache/migraine, loneliness, and low family income were identified as risk factors for neck pain in young adulthood. The risk profiles illustrated that co-occurrence of risk factors cumulatively increased the probability of later neck pain.